A home owned by Chris Bosh was the target of a police drug trafficking raid -- with the NBA star's mother named as one of the suspects ... TMZ Sports has learned.

According to official documents obtained by TMZ Sports, the DeSoto Police Dept. raided the home Friday morning after obtaining search warrant in a drug trafficking investigation.

One of the suspects listed on the search warrant is Freida Bosh -- who allegedly lives in the home, which cops believe is owned by her son.